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Manage future growth that is compatible with the region ‘s ecological constraints; 2. Maintain an adequate surface and ground water supply that Coir geotextile for slope stabilization and cultivation – A case study in a highland region of Kerala, South India. A sloping field is not only vulnerable to soil erosion it may also suffer from soil moisture deficiency. Farmers that cultivate on slopes everywhere face similar problems. Conservation technologies may reduce soil and nutrient losses, and thus enhance water holding capacity and soil fertility. But although these technologies promote sustainable crop production on steep slopes, the construction of physical structure such as bench terraces are often labour intensive and expensive to the farmers, since construction and maintenance require high investments. Here we studied the efficiency of coir geotextile with and without crop cultivation in reducing soil moisture deficiency on marginal slopes in Kerala, India. From the results it is evident that the slopes treated with geotextile and crops have the highest moisture retention capacity followed by geotextiles alone, and that the control plot has the lowest moisture retention capacity. As the poor and marginal farmers occupy the highland region , this method provides an economically viable option for income generation and food security along with slope stabilization.

A standard Rhizocarpon nomenclature for lichenometry

This book discusses in detail molecular, mycobiont culture, biomonitoring and bioprospection of lichens, providing insights into advances in different fields of lichenology by applying modern techniques and approaches and examining how their application has enhanced or changed classical approaches. It offers a valuable resource, especially for beginners, students and researchers from different academic backgrounds interested in the study of lichens.

In recent years, the introduction of modern analytical techniques and approaches has significantly improved our understanding of the environment, including lichens. Lichens are unique organisms which possess untapped potential as effective and reliable bioindicators, sources of therapeutic phytochemicals, and as excellent extremophiles.

Maratea, southern Italy, and their efffect on the development of the town. Maratea is lichenometric dating, based on the species Aspicilia calcarea, shows that up to 15m of curves for Highland Scotland. Transactions of the.

Published online 13 December in Wiley InterScience www. Growth rates of Rhizocarpon geographicum lichens: a review with new data from Iceland. Quaternary Sci. ISSN — ABSTRACT: This paper reviews evidence from previous growth-rate studies on lichens of the yellow-green species of Subgenus Rhizocarpon—the family most commonly used in lichenometric dating.

New data are presented from Rhizocarpon section Rhizocarpon thalli growing on a moraine in southern Iceland over a period of 4. Mean DGR in southern Iceland, between and , was 0. The resultant growth-rate curve is parabolic and is best described by a third-order polynomial function. The striking similarity between these findings in Iceland and those of Armstrong in Wales implies that the shape of the growth-rate curve may be characteristic of Rhizocarpon geographicum lichens.

The difference between the absolute growth rate in southern Iceland and Wales ca. These findings have implications for previous lichenometric-dating studies, namely, that those studies which assume constant lichen growth rates over many decades are probably unreliable. Introduction Lichens are valuable dating tools for geoscientists. The combination of extremely slow growth in certain crustose species and their wide distribution in nature have been key factors in most lichenometric dating studies.

Recent Advances in Lichenology

He joined the Exeter Geography Department in as Lecturer, was promoted to Senior Lecturer in , made a Reader in and gained his Chair in He has served terms as Head of Department and Head of School and is currently Director of Education for Geography on the Cornwall Campus having moved there fully in He also works on the impact of past human communities on the landscape, originally in Scotland, but now also in Ireland and SW England, utilising both sediments and material from archaeological sites.

Key publications Publications by category Publications by year. Back Edit Profile. Section links.

Polar and non – polar shore platform development. Papers Low – level shore platforms in the south west Scottish Highlands: altitude, age and correlation. Trans. Families of lichenometric dating curves from the Storbreen gletschervorfeld.

Mae angen cromlin gwahanol ar gyfer rhywogaethau gwahanol. Y rheswm am hyn yw bod dyddiad ar y garreg fedd yn rhoi dyddiad penodol i faint penodol o gen. Bydd maint cennau o ddyddiadau hysbys yn creu cromlin tyfiant y gellir ei defnyddio i gyfrifo dyddiad cennau ar wynebau o ddyddiadau anhysbys. Mae cenfetreg wedi cael ei defnyddio mewn geomorffoleg i ddyddio tirffurfiau llawr dyffryn, dyddodion cerlan , i adnabod cyfnodau cyforlan a newidiadau mewn sianeli unigol.

Mae wedi cael ei defnyddio yn helaeth i ddyddio llifogydd mewn astudiaethau geomorffolegol o lifogydd hanesyddol yn uwchdiroedd Prydain. Gellid cael mwy o wybodaeth am y rhywogaethau gwahanol o gen ar wefan Cymdeithas Cen Prydain. Oddi ar Wicipedia. Mae’r erthygl hon yn cynnwys testun o’r cofnod Cenfetreg ar yr Esboniadur, adnodd addysgiadol agored gan y Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol.

Categori : Daearyddiaeth. Parthau Erthygl Sgwrs. Golygon Darllen Golygu Golygu cod y dudalen Gweld yr hanes. Beth sy’n cysylltu yma Newidiadau perthnasol Tudalennau arbennig Dolen barhaol Gwybodaeth am y dudalen Cyfeiriwch at yr erthygl hon Eitem Wikidata.

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A standard Rhizocarpon nomenclature for lichenometry JOHN L. INNES Innes, I. L. a: Development of lichenomctric dating curves for Highland Scotland.

Lichens are a symbiosis of two organisms, algae and fungi, which colonise exposed surfaces and can be measured to date the approximate age of the surface. The study of lichens is therefore important to help establish a timescale of events. It is generally believed that the larger the lichen, the longer it has colonised the surface, and therefore that larger lichen means an older surface.

However, researchers have found a ‘Green Zone’ and the hypothesis suggests that lichens are larger at the proximal side of the moraine closest to the glacier base of terminal moraines ridge of sediment that is deposited when a glacier retreats than at other locations Haines-Young, This hypothesis is tested by data which was collected from six dated moraines on the glacial foreland of Nigardsbreen in the Jostedal, Norway.

Five transects were taken across each moraine, each consisting of 3 metre x 3 metre quadrats where the five largest lichens were measured Innes, In addition to measuring the lichen thalli diameters, 3 other factors were also measured: aspect, gradient and vegetation cover. These factors are important to determine why the largest lichens are found in a particular location, whether it supports the hypothesis or not.

If the data collected from Nigardsbreen supports the ‘Green Zone’ hypothesis, there are implications for using lichens to date surfaces of unknown age.

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The biology of the crustose lichen Rhizocarpon geographicum. The crustose lichen Rhizocarpon geographicum L. Download PDF. Recommend Documents.

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Embed Size px x x x x Innes, John L. B O W , osi0. ISSN The terminology of the genus Rhirocarpon. The failure to differentiate cven to the section level has resulted in errors in dating and has made the comparison of growth rates dcrivcd for different parts of the world difficult, if not imposaihlc. Thc use of a standard nomenclature would clarify thc degree of species differentiation that has been attempted in any given study.

Lichenometric Dating of Debris Avalanche Deposits with an Example from the French Alps

Embed Size px x x x x Innes, John L. B O W , osi0. ISSN The terminology of the genus Rhirocarpon. The failure to differentiate cven to the section level has resulted in errors in dating and has made the comparison of growth rates dcrivcd for different parts of the world difficult, if not imposaihlc.

developrient of a rock-slcpe failure rrcdel for the Scottish Highlands. sane instances (e. g. the Leon Slide, Norway), with the development of convex uPwards shear strength curves characterise the shear behaviour Numerous radiocarbcn dates indicate deglaciaticn of the Highland Development of lichenometric.

This paper proposes a review of the use of lichenometry in Iceland since , using different techniques to solve the chronology of geomorphic processes. Based on the results of over 35 published studies, lichenometry has been widely applied in Iceland, proposing numerical ages absolute dating and relative ages relative dating of different surfaces. Increasing awareness of methodological limitations of the technique, together with more sophisticated data processing, has led some authors to claim that lichenometric ‘ages’ are robust and reliable.

However, the different measurement techniques used make it difficult to compare regions or studies in the same area. These problems are exacerbated in Iceland by rapid environmental changes across short distances and more generally by lichen species mis-identification in the field. Moreover, the reliability of lichenometric dates is discredited by their lack of correspondence with tephrochronologic data, whatever the lichenometric method used.

Finally, the accuracy of lichenometry quickly weakens after few decades of surface exposure and the method loses rapidly any absolute aptitude.

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Keywords lichen, bioindicators, Methods: dating, dating. Abstract The lichens growing on gravestones in Scottish graveyards have been examined. Measurements were restricted to Section Rhizocarpon thalli. These data permit the development of lichenometric growth curves on acidic igneous, basic igneous, sandstone and slate substrates in most areas of Highland Scotland. The colonisation of gravestones, which is extremely erratic, takes place after a minimum of eight years.

A standard Rhizocarpon nomenclature for lichenometry JOHN L. INNES Innes, I. L. a: Development of lichenomctric dating curves for Highland Scotland.

Springer Professional. Back to the search result list. Table of Contents. Hint Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book Close hint. Abstract Debris flow is a dominant mass-movement process in mountain areas all over the world and represents a significant natural hazard. Consequently, knowledge of the frequency and magnitude of debris flows is important for hazard and risk assessments Rickenmann Please log in to get access to this content Log in Register for free.

To get access to this content you need the following product:. Springer Professional “Technik” Online-Abonnement. Springer Professional “Wirtschaft” Online-Abonnement. Geogr Ann — CrossRef.

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Dee Johnson, Department of Geography and Development Studies, University of Chester Lichenometric dating curves have been produced by numerous Innes, J. L. (), ‘Debris Flow Activity in the Scottish Highlands’.

Embed Size px x x x x Innes, John L. B O W , osi0. ISSN The terminology of the genus Rhirocarpon. The failure to differentiate cven to the section level has resulted in errors in dating and has made the comparison of growth rates dcrivcd for different parts of the world difficult, if not imposaihlc. Thc use of a standard nomenclature would clarify thc degree of species differentiation that has been attempted in any given study.

John L. In , Locke et al. Despite this, a number of difficulties remain, and a sur- vey of the recent literature indicates that the subject needs to be clarified. The most common- ly used group of species in lichenometry are those within the genus Rhizocarpon, and it is with this group that the present note is con- cerned. In the literature, reference has been made to Rhizocarpon geographicurn s.

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Key words: lichenometry, direct measurement, growth rate, As- synt. Introduction to derive lichenometric dating curves for Scotland (using gravestones in.

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